Sensex Hits All-Time High Amidst Global Bullish Trend

Indian companies now possess stronger balance sheets than ever before. Despite the current bullish trend, analysts caution that the market rally may encounter obstacles in the near to medium term.

Srajan Girdonia
New Update
Sensex thumb.jpg

The benchmark Sensex soared to new heights on Wednesday, reaching an all-time high of 63,588.31 during intra-day trading. This surge surpassed the previous peak of 63,583.07 recorded on December 1, 2022. The Indian markets joined a global rally, with markets worldwide hovering around their 52-week highs. However, the Sensex closed slightly lower at 63,523.15, up 0.31%, or 195.45 points. Meanwhile, the NSE Nifty index concluded at 18,856.85, up 0.21%, or 40.15 points.

Bullish Trend in Global Markets

The bullish sentiment witnessed in the Indian markets mirrors the trend seen across global markets. Despite sluggish global growth, markets worldwide have remained bullish due to several factors. Last year's anticipated US recession did not materialize, leading to a correction in the market's previously discounted expectations. Furthermore, rising manufacturing PMI indices and sustained government capital expenditure have contributed to the positive market sentiment. Additionally, Indian companies now possess stronger balance sheets than ever before, further bolstering investor confidence.

Factors Influencing Indian Markets

Several factors have contributed to the recent surge in the Indian markets. Retail inflation eased to 4.25% in May, and the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) opted for a pause in its rate hike cycle during the last two monetary policies. This decision indicated that the central bank may have concluded its rate hike cycle. Furthermore, foreign portfolio investors (FPIs) have resumed buying in the Indian markets, with net purchases amounting to Rs 18,343 crore in June alone.

Concerns Looming Ahead

Despite the current bullish trend, analysts caution that the market rally may encounter obstacles in the near to medium term. Concerns include uncertainty surrounding interest rates, a global economic slowdown, and inflationary pressures. Additionally, the performance of the monsoon season thus far has been disappointing, with a deficiency of over 50% recorded until June 15. All eyes will also be on US Fed Chair Jerome Powell's upcoming congressional testimony, which may offer hints about potential rate hikes in July.

Impact of Global Factors

The outcome of global events and economic conditions could significantly influence the Indian markets. The Federal Reserve's indication that it may continue raising interest rates throughout the year poses a potential challenge. Falling crude oil prices, driven by sluggish demand from China and other economies, could also contribute to investor apprehension. In the event that retail inflation in India rises again, the RBI may be compelled to implement further rate hikes. The RBI projects CPI inflation to reach 5.1% for 2023-24, with quarterly estimations of 4.6%, 5.2%, 5.4%, and 5.2%, respectively.

The Sensex's achievement of an all-time high reflects the positive momentum witnessed in global markets. Factors such as easing retail inflation, the conclusion of the RBI's rate hike cycle, and increased interest from foreign portfolio investors have contributed to the Indian market's recent surge. However, analysts advise caution due to potential challenges such as interest rate uncertainties, global economic slowdowns, and inflationary pressures. Furthermore, the performance of the monsoon season and global events will play a crucial role in shaping the future trajectory of the Indian markets. Investors and market participants will keenly observe upcoming developments for insights into the market's direction.