India marked significant milestones in its scientific pursuits, with the launch of its maiden Arctic Winter Expedition and the 43rd Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica. Led by Union Minister of Earth Sciences, Shri Kiren Rijiju, the Arctic Expedition and the Antarctic mission, consisting of 19 members, heralded India's exploratory endeavors in these extreme regions.
The country has witnessed a remarkable 40-50% improvement in Severe Weather forecasts over the past five years. With a lead period of five days, these forecasts cover cyclones, heavy rainfall, heat waves, cold waves, thunderstorms, and fog, enabling better preparedness and response strategies.
In a proactive step, India has implemented Impact-Based Forecasting (IBF) at district and city levels for severe weather events. By incorporating exposure and vulnerability parameters, these forecasts suggest response actions, ensuring a more comprehensive approach towards disaster management.
The expansion of India's meteorological infrastructure saw the commissioning of Doppler Weather Radars and new Meteorological Centres across strategic locations. Additionally, an increase in Nowcast and city forecast stations has bolstered the precision and coverage of weather predictions nationwide.
A new website, https://www.greenalerts.in/, serves as a platform disseminating weather-related information in multiple languages, benefitting farmers, fisherfolk, and livestock rearers. The collaboration with the Ministry of Panchayati Raj ensures last-mile delivery of weather forecasts to Gram Panchayats, enhancing the reach of meteorological services.
India's commendable strides in meteorology were acknowledged globally as it secured the hosting of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and played a significant role in the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific Panel on Tropical Cyclones Secretariat.
From cloud seeding experiments enhancing rainfall to the development of a high-resolution Air Quality Early Warning System, India showcased scientific prowess in tackling environmental challenges. Moreover, initiatives like ocean-related mobile applications and biodiversity portals contribute to marine conservation efforts.
India's dedication to nurturing skilled professionals in Earth System Sciences and Climate was evident through various training programs conducted by institutions under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES). Additionally, outreach programs highlighted the invaluable services provided by MoES across the nation.